Geographical Location

The Kingdom of Bhutan is a landlocked country, about 300 km long and 150 km wide encompassing an area of 46,500 square kilometers. Located between longitude 88045' and 92010' East and latitudes 26040' and 28015' North in the Eastern Himalayas. It is bounded on the northwest and north by Tibetan autonomousd region of China and the rets of the borders is shared with India; on the east by the state of Arunachal Pradesh; on the south by Assam and West Bengal; and on the west by Sikkim. Tibet's Chumbi valley, the old trade and expedition route from India to Lhasa, lies between the northern parts of Bhutan and Sikkim.

Virtually the entire country is mountaineous, and ranges in elevation from 100m along the Indian foothills to the 7,554m Kula Gangri peak on the Tibetan border. These two extremes frame a landscape which stretches from sub-tropical to arctic region on the Himalaya mountain range. The maximum east-west stretch of the country is approximately 500 km and north-south about 150km. It can be divided into three major geopraphic regions; the high Himalaya of the north; the hills and valleys of inner Himalaya; and the foothills and plains of the south.